Make Application in JavaFX

Make Application in JavaFX

JavaFX is a powerful framework for building desktop applications with Java. It provides a rich set of tools and features that make it easy to develop professional and interactive user interfaces. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced programmer, JavaFX offers a flexible and intuitive platform to create stunning applications. In this article, we will explore the basics of JavaFX application development and learn how to make a simple application.

Key Takeaways:

  • JavaFX is a powerful framework for building desktop applications with Java.
  • JavaFX provides a rich set of tools and features for developing interactive user interfaces.
  • Developing a JavaFX application involves creating a stage, scene, and adding UI controls to the scene.
  • JavaFX supports various layout panes to arrange the UI controls in a desired layout.
  • You can enhance the functionality of your JavaFX application by adding event handlers to the UI controls.
  • JavaFX supports styling and theming, which allows you to customize the appearance of your application.

To get started with JavaFX application development, you’ll need to have Java Development Kit (JDK) installed on your system. Once you have JDK installed, you can use any Integrated Development Environment (IDE) of your choice to code and run JavaFX applications. IntelliJ IDEA, Eclipse, and NetBeans are popular choices among Java developers. *JavaFX applications can also be developed using just a plain text editor and the command line, but an IDE saves you time and offers advanced features for easier development.*

Create a JavaFX Application

Creating a JavaFX application involves several steps. Firstly, you need to create a stage, which is the top-level container for your application. A stage represents a window or a frame on the screen. Next, you create a scene, which acts as the container for all the UI controls and visual elements of your application. The scene is then added to the stage. Finally, you add UI controls to the scene and customize their appearance and behavior.

  • Create a stage:
  • “`java
    Stage primaryStage = new Stage();

  • Create a scene:
  • “`java
    Scene scene = new Scene(root, width, height);

  • Add scene to the stage:
  • “`java

Once you have set up the stage and scene, you can add UI controls such as buttons, labels, text fields, and more to the scene. JavaFX provides various layout panes like VBox, HBox, GridPane, etc., to organize and position the UI controls in your application. You can also add event handlers to the UI controls to handle user interactions and perform actions.

Styling and Theming

JavaFX supports styling and theming, which allows you to customize the appearance of your application. You can apply styles to individual UI controls or define styles for an entire application. JavaFX uses CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) for styling. *By using CSS, you can easily change the look and feel of your application without modifying the underlying code.* Additionally, JavaFX provides a set of predefined themes that you can apply to your application to give it a consistent and polished look.

Tables in JavaFX

JavaFX provides a TableView control that allows you to display data in a tabular format. You can populate the table with data from various sources, such as a database, an API, or a local file. *The TableView control is highly customizable, allowing you to define the columns, handle sorting and filtering, and even add custom cell renderers.* Here are three tables showcasing different sets of data:

Table 1 – Employee Information

Name Age Department
John Doe 30 Sales
Jane Smith 28 Marketing

Table 2 – Product Inventory

Product Quantity Price
Laptop 10 $1000
Smartphone 20 $500

Table 3 – Sales Data

Month Sales Profit
January $10000 $5000
February $12000 $6000

JavaFX provides a rich set of features and tools to develop desktop applications. With JavaFX, you can create professional and interactive user interfaces using Java programming language. Start exploring JavaFX today and unlock the potential to build amazing desktop applications!

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Common Misconceptions

Common Misconceptions

Misconception 1: JavaFX is outdated and not widely used

Contrary to popular belief, JavaFX is still widely used and actively maintained. Some people wrongly assume that JavaFX is outdated and no longer relevant in the modern application development landscape. However, that is not the case. Here are a few points to consider:

  • JavaFX is still supported by Oracle and actively developed.
  • Many large organizations and corporations rely on JavaFX for their desktop and mobile application development.
  • JavaFX has a strong community of developers who continue to contribute to its growth and improvement.

Misconception 2: JavaFX can only be used for desktop applications

Another common misconception is that JavaFX is exclusively meant for developing desktop applications and cannot be used for other platforms. However, this is not accurate, and here are some points to dispel this misconception:

  • JavaFX can be used to build applications for desktop, mobile, and embedded devices.
  • JavaFX offers platform-specific features and APIs to target different platforms.
  • With the help of Gluon, JavaFX can be used to create cross-platform applications for iOS and Android.

Misconception 3: JavaFX is difficult to learn and use

Many people mistakenly believe that JavaFX is a complex framework that requires a steep learning curve. However, this is not entirely true. Here are some key points to clarify this misconception:

  • JavaFX is built on Java, which means if you are already familiar with Java, you have a head start in learning JavaFX.
  • JavaFX provides an extensive set of pre-built UI components and layout managers that simplify the development process.
  • A large number of online resources, tutorials, and sample projects are available to help beginners get started with JavaFX.

Misconception 4: JavaFX lacks performance compared to other frameworks

There is a misconception that JavaFX lags behind other frameworks in terms of performance. However, this is not entirely accurate, and the following points shed light on the performance aspect:

  • JavaFX’s rendering engine is highly optimized, resulting in smooth and responsive user interfaces.
  • JavaFX applications leverage hardware acceleration to deliver fast and fluid visual experiences.
  • With proper optimization and efficient coding practices, JavaFX can achieve excellent performance.

Misconception 5: JavaFX is only suitable for small-scale projects

Some people assume that JavaFX is only suitable for small-scale projects and not robust enough for larger applications. However, JavaFX can scale well for various project sizes, and here’s why:

  • JavaFX applications can be modular and component-based, making them ideal for large-scale projects.
  • JavaFX’s architecture promotes code reusability and maintainability, enabling developers to easily handle complex and extensive applications.
  • Several notable applications, including IDEs and enterprise software, have been built successfully using JavaFX.

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Welcome to our article on making applications in JavaFX! In this article, we will explore various elements of creating applications using JavaFX. Below, you will find ten different tables, each providing information and data related to different aspects of JavaFX development. These tables aim to provide you with an engaging and informative visual representation of the content discussed in the article. So, let’s dive in!

Table: Key Features of JavaFX

In this table, we outline some of the key features that make JavaFX an excellent choice for application development. These features include rich UI components, animations, CSS styling support, and integration with other platforms like web and mobile.

Table: Comparison of JavaFX and Swing

This table presents a comparison between JavaFX and Swing, two popular frameworks for building desktop applications in Java. It highlights the differences in terms of architecture, design philosophy, and the range of available components.

Table: Supported Operating Systems

Here, we list the operating systems that JavaFX supports, ensuring cross-platform compatibility. The table includes major desktop operating systems like Windows, macOS, and Linux, as well as mobile platforms like Android and iOS.

Table: Basic JavaFX UI Components

Exploring some fundamental UI components that come bundled with JavaFX, this table presents information on buttons, labels, checkboxes, and text fields. It highlights their purpose, usage, and corresponding JavaFX classes.

Table: JavaFX CSS Pseudo-classes

JavaFX allows styling UI components using CSS. This table provides an overview of various CSS pseudo-classes available in JavaFX, allowing developers to apply customized styles to different states of UI components, such as hover, pressed, and focused.

Table: JavaFX Layout Managers

JavaFX provides several layout managers to help organize UI components within a window. This table showcases different layout managers, including BorderPane, FlowPane, GridPane, and VBox, along with their descriptions and primary usage scenarios.

Table: Handling User Input Events

In this table, we discuss the event handling mechanism in JavaFX and provide examples of how to handle various user input events, such as mouse clicks, key presses, and scroll events. We describe the event types, event handlers, and the corresponding JavaFX classes.

Table: JavaFX Animation Classes

This table explores different animation classes available in JavaFX for adding motion and visual effects to UI components. It covers TranslateTransition, FadeTransition, ScaleTransition, and RotateTransition with their corresponding JavaFX classes and descriptions.

Table: Packaging JavaFX Applications

When it comes to packaging JavaFX applications for distribution, various options are available. This table presents different packaging tools and techniques, including JAR files, self-contained executable files, and deployment options for different platforms.

Table: JavaFX Resources

Here, we provide a list of valuable resources for learning and exploring more about JavaFX. The table includes online tutorials, official documentation, recommended books, and popular forums to assist you in your JavaFX development journey.


In this article, we dived into the world of JavaFX application development. Through interactive and visually appealing tables, we explored various facets of JavaFX, including its key features, comparisons with Swing, supported operating systems, UI components, CSS styling, layout managers, event handling, animations, packaging options, and invaluable resources for further learning. By leveraging these insights, you can now embark on your journey to create captivating and feature-rich applications using JavaFX. Happy coding!

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

What is JavaFX?

JavaFX is a software platform that allows developers to create and deploy rich client applications using the Java programming language.

What are the benefits of using JavaFX for application development?

Some benefits of using JavaFX include:

  • Rich set of UI controls and layouts for building user interfaces
  • Easy integration with Java backend code
  • Support for multimedia and animations
  • Platform independence, allowing applications to run on various operating systems

What are the system requirements for developing JavaFX applications?

To develop JavaFX applications, you need:

  • Java Development Kit (JDK) version 8 or later
  • JavaFX SDK, which is included in the JDK distribution
  • An integrated development environment (IDE), such as Eclipse or IntelliJ IDEA

Can I use JavaFX to create mobile applications?

No, JavaFX is primarily designed for building desktop applications. However, JavaFX applications can be used in conjunction with other frameworks to develop mobile applications.

Are there any alternatives to JavaFX for building desktop applications in Java?

Yes, some alternatives to JavaFX include Swing and AWT. However, JavaFX is the recommended choice for modern desktop application development.

Is JavaFX still actively maintained and supported?

Yes, JavaFX is still actively maintained and supported by Oracle. However, starting from Java 11, JavaFX is no longer bundled with the JDK and needs to be downloaded separately.

Can I create web-based applications using JavaFX?

No, JavaFX is primarily focused on desktop application development. For web-based applications, Java developers typically use Java Servlets, JavaServer Pages (JSP), or JavaServer Faces (JSF).

Where can I find resources for learning JavaFX?

Several online resources are available for learning JavaFX, including official documentation, tutorials, and community forums. Some recommended sources include the official Oracle JavaFX documentation, YouTube tutorials, and online courses.

Can JavaFX applications be deployed as executable files?

Yes, JavaFX applications can be deployed as executable JAR files. These JAR files can be run on any system with a compatible Java Runtime Environment (JRE) installed.

Is JavaFX suitable for large-scale enterprise applications?

Yes, JavaFX can be used for large-scale enterprise applications as it provides a robust and flexible framework for building complex user interfaces and integrating with backend systems.

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